Windows 8.1 UEFI USB Install

Windows 8.1 UEFI USB Install

Windows 8.1 UEFI USB Install

Windows 8.1 UEFI USB Install
Windows 8.1 UEFI USB Install

What is UEFI?

UEFI (Unified Extensible Firmware Interface) is a standard firmware interface for PCs, designed to replace BIOS (basic input/output system). This standard was created by over 140 technology companies as part of the UEFI consortium, including Microsoft. Source windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows-8/what-uefi

If you want to read in detail read at Wikipedia.

Long story short UEFI has faster boot time, more options, uses GPT  (GUID Partition Table) which has solved the problem of 4 primary partitions limit with MBR and bootable disk size limit of 2.2 TB.

Ever wonder why MACs boot up so fast? That’s the reason behind their fast boot up they have been using UEFI for years.

How to check if you are already setup on UEFI.

Click start type msinfo32 and press enter. A window similar to this one will appear just look for the BIOS Mode.

Msinfo32 UEFI BIOS Mode, windows 8.1 uefi usb install
Msinfo32 UEFI BIOS Mode

Windows 8.1 UEFI USB Install step by step procedure.

Pre-requisite:

1. At least 8GB USB Flash Drive

2. Windows Installation legitimate ISO file

3. Grab a copy of Rufus from here. It’s a tool which will help us in making flash drive bootable.

4. Backup Your Data. Since this is a guide to fresh install it is highly recommended to backup your data.

If you are already using UEFI then your old files on windows partition will be moved to windows.old. Otherwise if you wish to format your system partition then it is essential to first backup your data.

If you are using BIOS then for UEFI you would need to delete all MBR partitions form your Disk and repartition to GPT style. Therefore backup your data 🙂

Now the procedure on how to install:

A. Launch Rufus with admin privileges and set it up as show below.

Rufus USB UEFI Install, windows 8.1 uefi usb install
Rufus USB UEFI Install

 

1. Select GPT Partition Scheme for UEFI in Partition scheme and target system type.

2. Select Fat32 as File system.

3. Quick Format (Do backup your Flash Drive)

4. Select Windows 8.1 ISO file by clicking the CD Drive Icon.

Click Start and relax; it will take some time 🙂

B. Make sure UEFI is enabled in your BIOS. Different manufacturers have different BIOS setup; consult you hardware specific guide on how to enable UEFI.

Usually it is located under BOOT or System Configurations.

C. Plug in your USB Flash Drive and press Boot options system specific key. For HP it’s F9 and for Dell it’s F12. Click on this link to see a list of Boot and BIOS Setup keys from different manufacturers. You will see you USB Flash Drive listed along with UEFI stated with it. Most vendors do state UEFI but some don’t. Select your USB Drive and press Enter.

D. From this point onward everything is same; as usual windows installation, if your system was already setup on UEFI.

For user who are converting from BIOS to UEFI for them there are few more steps when they reach “Where do you want to install Windows?”, as follows:

1. Delete all your partitions

2. Create new primary partition. Setup will make 3 more partitions for Windows to operate properly. Your partition table may look like as follows.

Windows 8.1 UEFI GPT Partition, windows 8.1 uefi usb install
Windows 8.1 UEFI GPT Partition

3. Select your Primary partition and click next. That’s it remaining process is same.

 

Hope this helps…:)

5 Ways to make a Windows Computer Faster

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5 Ways to make a Windows Computer Faster

This question has been asked several times and almost every SysAdmin has answered it. There is no hard and fast rule to this question. As the technology keeps on changing we can take benefit of these developments and do some tweaks.

1. Use SSD instead of a HDD as primary disk for your OS installation

If you can afford, buy a used SSD of at least 128 GB. You can get that in Pakistan around PKR 4 to 5 thousand. This will super boost your start up as well as over all performance.  Though you can install a mechanical disk as secondary disk for data storage but understand this; Mechanical Disks are the biggest bottle necks in our computers.

To install secondary disk in Laptops there is a trade off, if your laptop is old one and doesn’t allow you to separately install secondary disk. You will need an Optical Drive Caddy which is universal and only costs PKR 1,500. remove the optical drive install your second hard drive in caddy and install that caddy in your laptop upgrade bay where usually optical drive is installed.

2. Use a light weight antivirus

Though I am not marketing, but I have used 360 Total Security Free version and found it’s light weight, consumes low resources and gets the job done at a basic level. Check your system for antiviruses periodically at least once a month.

3. Start up Programs

In windows 8 and 8.1 it is quite easy to manage start up programs following is a link which will guide you on how to manage them. Take a look periodically on your start up applications.

How to Manage Startup Applications in Windows 8 courtesy How to Geek

4. Toolbars, Extension and Plugins

Now a days we spend most of our time on web browsers and while in the quest to get free software we open doors for useless, spam and malicious  Toolbars, Extensions and Plugins. It is recommended to keep checking your browsers and if you find any thing suspicious google it.

Remember toolbars are the easiest way to get spam and malicious software or code in to your computer. Therefore avoid them until absolutely necessary. If it is necessary to install a toolbar then do some research on google and read some reviews.

Following are few links which will guide you on how to keep track of extensions, addons and plugins.

Manage Chrome extensions

Disable or remove Firefox Add-ons

Manage addons in Internet Explorer 11

5. Disk Clean up, Windows Updates and Desktop icons and Folders

Performing Disk cleans ups once a month is preferable to keep your computer in good health. Free space on system partition, hence allowing operating system to perform better.

Most of us just neglect the Windows updates; I agree its time consuming task at first but compared to trouble that we have to bear in case of system failure and worst is data loss, this effort and time stands nothing compared to that. Always keep your system updated.

Most users keep their desktops cluttered with several files and folders. Desktop is merely a folder which displays your files on top, the more files you keep on your desktop the more time its going to load your desktop. Keep only current files on desktop and arrange them in folders and if they are no longer needed move them from desktop.

I usually keep only 2 or 3 shortcuts on my desktop and all other files are arranged in Documents, Music, Picture and etc folders. Following are links for disk clean up and windows updates.

Delete files using Disk Cleanup

Turn automatic updating on or off

Hope these tips help people.